Experimental study in order to assess the effects of limited periosteum stripping on the fracture healing and to compare osteosynthesis using plates and screws with intramedullary Kirschner wire fixation

Vol. 57 No. 2 Suppl., 2016
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Tiberiu Paul Neagu, Valentin Enache, Ion Cocolos, Mirela Tiglis, Cristian Cobilinschi, Radu Tincu

There are many studies that investigate indirect and direct fracture healing but few mention the effect of periosteum stripping on consolidation of fractures. Most of these studies use only one method of osteosynthesis for each group. Therefore, we reported a new developed murine model in order to assess if limited periosteum stripping influence significantly the quality of the fracture healing process by comparing two different osteosynthesis methods to reduce simultaneously bilateral femur fractures. We applied the experimental protocol for a number of 12 rats. We used plates and screws to reduce femoral osteotomy for the right hind limb and intramedullary Kirschner wire for the left hind limb. Clinical, radiological and histological assessments were made for a period of eight weeks. The absence of a healthy hind limb led to a slower healing process based on the histological findings and to implant failure based on radiological findings. In summary, complete fracture healing was not achieved during this experimental study. Therefore, we consider that future studies are needed for a better understanding of the effects of periosteum removal on the fracture healing process.

Corresponding author: Tiberiu Paul Neagu, Assistant Professor, MD; e-mail: dr.neagupaul@gmail.com

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ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Nicolae Constantin Balica, Marioara Poenaru, Eugen Horatiu Stefanescu, Eugen Radu Boia, Caius Ion Doros, Flavia Baderca, Octavian Mazilu

The CO2 laser surgery represents a treatment method of laryngeal bicordal and anterior commissure glottic cancer T1b, T2, N0. In Department of ENT, Timisoara, Romania, during 1.01.2001-31.12.2011 were analyzed 781 files from patients with laryngeal neoplasm. One hundred twenty-seven patients presented the tumor that involved both vocal cords and anterior commissure, stages T1b, T2 and T3. Therapeutic options included CO2 laser microsurgical excision for 55 (43.30%) patients, frontolateral hemilaryngectomy for 16 (12.59%) patients, total laryngectomy for 42 (33.07%) patients, radiotherapy for 10 (7.87%) patients, and four (3.14%) patients, initially, refused any treatment modality. Endoscopic laser CO2 microsurgery was the primary and solitary management for curative resection of the glottic cancer. All operations were performed under general anesthesia with orotracheal intubations. The mean follow-up was 58 months, with the range between 36 to 84 months. Suspended microlaryngoscopy with CO2 laser surgery has been performed in 43 (33.85%) patients staged T1bN0Mx and 12 (9.44%) patients staged T2N0Mx. In five (9.09%) patients, we encountered local recurrences. The endoscopic CO2 laser surgery is in our view the elective and preferable surgical method in laryngeal glottic cancer stage T1b and T2 for cure, with oncological and functional results superior to those of conventional surgical procedures.

Corresponding author: Flavia Baderca, Associate Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: flaviabaderca@yahoo.com

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