Astrocytes - friends or foes in neurodegenerative disorders

Vol. 64 No. 3, 2023


Alexandra Diana Vrapciu, Mugurel Constantin Rusu, Adelina Maria Jianu, Andrei Gheorghe Marius Motoc, Mihnea Ioan Nicolescu

Astrocytes (AS) are the most abundant glial cells in the central nervous system (CNS). They have various morphologies and numerous (50-60) branching prolongations, with roles in the maintenance of the CNS function and homeostasis. AS in the optic nerve head (ONH) have specific distribution and function and are involved in the pathogenesis of glaucoma and other neural diseases, modify their morphologies, location, immune phenotype, and ultrastructure, thus being the key players in the active remodeling processes of the ONH.

Corresponding author: Mugurel Constantin Rusu, Professor, Dr.Med., Dr.Biol., Dr.Hab.; e-mail:

DOI: 10.47162/RJME.64.3.02 Download PDF
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