Telocytes inside of the peripheral nervous system - a 3D endoneurial network and putative role in cell communication

Vol. 63 No. 2, 2022

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Nicolae Mirancea, Gabriel Valeriu Mirancea, Ana-Maria Morosanu

In this paper, we developed the hypothesis concerning the reasons to assimilate endoneurial fibroblast-like dendritic phenotype [shortly termed endoneurial dendritic cells (EDCs)] to the endoneurial telocytes (TCs). We reviewed the literature concerning EDCs status and report our observations on ultrastructure and some immune electron microscopic aspects of the cutaneous peripheral nerves. Our data demonstrate that EDCs long time considered as fibroblasts or fibroblast-like, with an ovoidal nucleus and one or more moniliform cell extensions [telopodes (Tps)], which perform homocellular junctions, also able to shed extracellular microvesicles can be assimilated to TC phenotype. Sometimes, small profiles of basement membrane accompany to some extent Tps. Altogether data resulted from scientific literature and our results strength the conclusion EDCs are really TCs inside of the peripheral nervous system. The inner three-dimensional (3D) network of endoneurial TCs by their homo- and heterocellular communications appears as a genuine cell-to-cell communication system inside of each peripheral nerve.

Corresponding author: Nicolae Mirancea, PhD, Senior Scientist grade I; e-mail: nick_mirancea@yahoo.com

DOI: 10.47162/RJME.63.2.05 Download PDF
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