Osteoarthritis induces gender-related changes in the knee range of motion

Vol. 63 No. 2, 2022

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Carmen Statescu, Doru Stoica, Claudia Valentina Georgescu, Bogdan Ion Gavrila, Marius Nicolae Popescu, Magdalena Rodica Traistaru, Elena Irina Caluianu, Tudor-Adrian Balseanu

In time, osteoarthritis (OA) generates the misalignment of the affected joint structures. However, due to the nature of bipedal gait, OA in the lower limb can also cause pathological gait patterns, which can generate instability and falls, with great consequence, especially in the aged population. With goniometry used to evaluate the range of motion (ROM) of joints, we wanted to evaluate how gender impacts gait dynamics in OA patients. For this study, we have compared 106 OA patients (74 females and 32 males) to age matched controls. All participants had their right leg as dominant. Video recording of normal gait was analyzed with a digital goniometry tool phone application, and the knee s ROM was measured in midstance and midswing moment of the gait. During midstance, significant extension and flexion of the knee excursion have been observed in both males and females. During midswing, knee OA presents more differences, whereas subjects with hip and knee OA present changes on the dominant knee. Midstance changes suggest that the knee s joint degenerative changes, such as synovitis, can be linked to hip OA secondary changes. Midswing changes in lower limb OA suggest a connection to the activities of daily life. Gender differences generated by OA must furthermore be studied in both lower limbs so that the best therapeutic approach can be chosen.

Corresponding author: Doru Stoica, Assistant Professor; e-mail: dorustoicaa@gmail.com; Elena Irina Caluianu, Assistant; e-mail: rui_costa23@yahoo.com

DOI: 10.47162/RJME.63.2.16 Download PDF
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