The mast cell reaction in premalignant and malignant lesions of the head and neck

Vol. 63 No. 2, 2022

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Raluca Mioara Cosoroaba, Nela Pusa Gaje, Amalia Raluca Ceausu, Cristina Stefania Dumitru, Liana Todor, Ramona Amina Popovici, Anca Porumb, Daniela Domocos, Mariana Ioana Miron

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most frequent and aggressive neoplasms of this anatomical region. Many studies evaluated the neoplastic cells, but few works focused on the tumor microenvironment. In the present study, we investigated the distribution and mast cell density (MCD) in malignant and premalignant lesions of the oral cavity, tongue, pharynx, and larynx. There were analyzed 52 specimens of HNSCC, and 15 biopsies taken from patients with dysplasia. Results were compared with those found in a control group of 10 biopsies of oral mucosa from patients with inflammatory diseases. Slides stained with Hematoxylin-Eosin were used for the histopathological diagnosis and grade, and mast cells (MCs) were identified by immunohistochemistry, using anti-MC tryptase. MCs were counted using a method similar to that proposed for microvessel density. We found a significant increase in the number of MCs from the normal oral mucosa until overt carcinoma. Unlike normal tissues, in HNSCC, many MCs were found between tumor cells. We found no relationship between MCs and blood vessels in the tumor area. A significant statistical correlation was found between dysplastic and malignant tumors, but not between tumors with a different grade. Also, it was not found relationship between MCD and the anatomical location of the tumor. Based on these results, we believe that MCD evaluated by anti-MC tryptase is an independent factor of prognosis and reflects an unfavorable outcome.

Corresponding author: Liana Todor, Associate Professor, DMD, PhD; e-mail: liana.todor@gmail.com; Ramona Amina Popovici, Habilitated Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: ramona.popovici@umft.ro

DOI: 10.47162/RJME.63.2.11 Download PDF
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