Prenatal diagnosis of syndromic alobar holoprosencephaly associated with digynic triploidy fetus

Vol. 61 No. 4, 2020


Cristina-Crenguta Albu, Dinu-Florin Albu, Anca Patrascu, Stefan Dimitrie Albu, Ion Cristian Efrem, Alexandru Marian Goganau

Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is a dramatic human brain malformation sequence with an extreme variable phenotypic spectrum and genetic heterogeneity, variable degree of severity and unknown etiology, in many cases. HPE is classified into syndromic, chromosomal, and non-syndromic, non-chromosomal. The most cases of HPE are syndromic. We present an atypical case of syndromic alobar HPE associated with digynic triploidy fetus, prenatally diagnosed, early at 18 weeks of gestation, by ultrasound (US) and complex genetic investigations. The US examination was performed with a specialized US machine, General Electric Voluson E10 OLED BT18, using two-dimensional (2D) scanning, three-dimensional (3D) image reconstruction, four-dimensional (4D) spatiotemporal image methodology and the highest power Doppler US technology. A detailed US examination of the fetus revealed several major abnormalities of the fetal head and severe facial malformations. Based on the antenatal US findings, the fetus was diagnosed with alobar HPE. After a careful examination and genetic counseling, additional cytogenetic investigations and molecular genetic analyses were performed, which revealed an abnormal number of 69 chromosomes, digynic triploidy (69,XXY). Two days later, the parents choose to interrupt the current gestation because of major fetal malformations. The pathological examination of the embryo reaffirmed the antenatal diagnostics.

Corresponding author: Cristina-Crenguta Albu, Associate Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail:; Stefan Dimitrie Albu, DMD, PhD Student; e-mail:

DOI: 10.47162/RJME.61.4.32 Download PDF
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