Evaluation of the incidence of inflammatory and tumor pathology of nose and nasal sinus region

Vol. 61 No. 4, 2020


Salah Nassrallah, Cristian Mircea Neagos, Simona Liliana Mocan, Adriana Neagos

Inflammatory and nasal-sinus tumor pathology is a field of great interest in rhinology worldwide. The aim of the paper is to determine the prevalence of nasal and nasal-sinus inflammatory diseases, as well as nasal and nasosinusal rhinosinusitis tumors, in association or not with inflammatory diseases, using histopathological (HP) examination. It is also desired to identify the association of chronic inflammatory pathology with the tumor one, considering inflammation and immunodeficiency as local susceptibility factors. A retrospective study was performed on a group of 254 patients hospitalized between 2018-2019 in Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Emergency County Hospital, Targu Mures, Romania. Based on the clinical and HP examination, the distribution by inflammatory pathologies was made as follows: 175 nasal polyposis, 108 chronic rhinitis, 39 sinusitis - strictly affecting the sinus and 28 chronic polyposis rhinosinusitis - nasal and sinus association. Considering the evaluation of the incidence of benign tumor pathology, the following were found: out of the total examined cases, 4% squamous papilloma, 4% exophytic papilloma, 44% Schneiderian papilloma, 4% benign fibrous histiocytoma, 18% hemangioma, 4% hamartoma, and 4% osteoma were identified. The incidence of malignant tumors is 26% squamous cell carcinoma, 12% intestinal adenocarcinoma, 2% nonintestinal type adenocarcinoma, 2% large B-cell lymphoma, 2% plasma cell, 2% olfactory neuroblastoma, 7% malignant melanoma, 16% basal cell carcinoma. The paper draws attention to the increased incidence of tumor and inflammatory pathology both individually and in combination, considering the involvement of the clinical correlation with the HP result completed, if necessary, with immunohistochemical examinations, for a precise diagnosis.

Corresponding author: Adriana Neagos, Senior Lecturer, MD, PhD; e-mail: neagos.adriana@gmail.com

DOI: 10.47162/RJME.61.4.30 Download PDF
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