Contribution of the cyto-histopathological diagnosis and ultrastructural parameters to the evaluation of maxillary cysts - a 10-year multidisciplinary approach

Vol. 61 No. 4, 2020

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Mircea Rivis, Ciprian Ioan Roi, Alexandra Roi, Ovidiu Alexandru Mederle, Diana Florina Nica, Doina Chioran, Laura Cristina Rusu, Stela Iurciuc, Adina Valeanu

Diagnostic and treatment plans in cystic jawbone tumors are often difficult to address. The etiopathogenic links involved in cell-matrix differentiation disorders are complex. Quantification of the inflammatory process in the evolution of cystic odontogenic lesions highlights a particular reactivity of the host, especially age-dependent and the endodontic-periodontal space interrelation, drawing attention to the difficulties of etiopathogenic, evolution, prognostic and treatment of these lesions. Difficulties in histopathological (HP) diagnosis are reported by the lack of morphofunctional integration of dental tissues, both topographically and evolutionarily, especially when odontogenic epithelial remains in the cystic wall, reactive bone condition, appearance and condition of the reactive epithelium are overlooked. In this study, we developed an interdisciplinary approach for the dynamics of tissue morphology found in the walls of maxillary cysts. Failure to recognize the tissues that form the cystic lesion leads to misinterpretations of pathology and to the wrong classification in the group of maxillary cysts. We analyzed by different techniques 564 biopsy fragments from maxillary cystic lesions, most of which are clinically classified as inflammatory or odontogenic ones. From our experience, we reevaluated the lesions with cystic changes and completed the diagnosis in 10-12% of cases. The most common maxillary cystic lesion encountered by us was the root cyst, an inflammatory dental cyst, which has been over diagnosed clinically, radiologically and histopathologically. Recognition and selection of embryonic remnants from odontogenesis is crucial for the HP diagnosis of maxillary cysts, allowing the clinician to monitor treatment or to develop evolutionary-prognostic perspectives of odontogenic cystic lesions.

Corresponding author: Ciprian Ioan Roi, Associate Professor, MD, DMD, PhD; e-mail: ciprian.roi@umft.ro; Stela Iurciuc, Lecturer, MD, PhD; e-mail: stela_iurciuc@yahoo.com

DOI: 10.47162/RJME.61.4.28 Download PDF
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