The significance of erythropoietin and insulin administration on survival of fat tissue after autologous fat transplantation in Wistar rats. An experimental study

Vol. 61 No. 4, 2020

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Iulia Olaru, Anca Sava, Camelia Tamas, Claudia Florida Costea, Gabriela Florenta Dumitrescu, Aurelian Sorin Pasca, Florin Stefan Olaru, Teodor Stamate

Autologous fat transfer is widely used by plastic surgeons for aesthetic and reconstructive purpose, but it has a great disadvantage because of its high variability rate of resorption. Numerous studies have examined the use of different agents to increase the viability of fat grafts. The results were discouraging because the use of a single angiogenic factor to stimulate fat graft angiogenesis may be inappropriate. We proposed to use two pharmacological factors, erythropoietin (EPO) and insulin (INS), in order to decrease the resorption rate, to improve graft vascularization, and to reduce the number of complications. Twenty-four Wistar male rats were randomly divided in four groups (I-IV) of six animals each. The rats belonging to control group were given autologous transfer of simple fat. In group II, the graft was improved with EPO, in group III with INS, and in group IV both pharmacological agents were administered. Histological evaluation of the grafts at two months after injection demonstrated adipocyte survival in all four groups. The volume of the graft has progressively decreased in all groups and the difference in graft volume at one and two months after transplantation was not significant. The highest maintenance of fat graft volume (95%) at two months was observed in group IV, followed by group II and group III. Necrotic cystic changes and increased fibrosis were most extensive in the control group. The combination of INS with EPO may have a synergistic and additive effect. Efficient administration and dose optimization of these growth factors are important things to consider in the future.

Corresponding author: Anca Sava, Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: dr.anca.sava.68@gmail.com; Camelia Tamas, Lecturer, MD, PhD; e-mail: camelia6ta@yahoo.com

DOI: 10.47162/RJME.61.4.16 Download PDF
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