Gastric cancer - histopathological correlations between tumor and non-tumor gastric mucosa changes

Vol. 61 No. 4, 2020


Ion Paun, Andrei Ionut Costin, Vlad Denis Constantin, Ion Lomaca, Nicolae Gabriel Ianosi, Bogdan Socea, Cristina Violeta Tutunaru, Ovidiu Mircea Zlatian, Simona Laura Ianosi, Carmen Daniela Neagoe, Antoanela Valentina Crafciuc, Marius Ionut Stancu

Gastric cancer is a widely geographically distributed malignancy with high prevalence, therefore being a serious health problem that needs standardized methods for early diagnosis and treatment. The aim of the study was to evaluate the correlation of some epidemiological and clinical data with the histological features. The study group was made up of 66 patients that underwent surgical removal of the gastric neoplasm, and the pathological exam showed the morphological features of the tumor, as well as the ones of the unaffected mucosal tissue. Topographically, the highest incidence of the tumor was registered in the gastric antrum, but in recent years, an increased incidence of the superior gastric pole localization was recorded. The macroscopic aspects reveal that the ulcerated type 2 Borrmann is the most frequent, and alongside type 3 Borrmann, the ulcer-infiltrative type represents most of the gastric antrum cancers. The analysis of the tumor invasion showed that most carcinomas underwent surgery when the tumor invaded the serosa (pT3) or even the perigastric tissues (pT4). In our research, we chose Goseki s microscopic classification because of its best coverage of the histological heterogeneity of the gastric carcinomas, providing information about the percentage of the cellular and secretory differentiation with direct impact on the invasion of the tumor. In more than 70% of the cases, the patients showed lesions of severe chronic atrophic gastritis of the non-tumor mucosa. Lately, the incidence of Helicobacter pylori has been 5.5%, lower than indicated by mainstream literature. We observed that the incidence of type 3 incomplete intestinal metaplasia, as the most commonly involved factor in the etiopathogenesis of gastric neoplasms, was encountered in 36.3% of the cases, this percentage rising proportionally with age and being frequently associated with antrum tumors. In conclusion, the permanent analysis of the relation between epidemiological data and some histological features might be relevant for the characterization of the tumoral process or the non-tumor gastric mucosa, leading to an evaluation of the prognosis.

Corresponding author: Simona Laura Ianosi, Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail:; Antoanela Valentina Crafciuc, MD, PhD Student; e-mail:

DOI: 10.47162/RJME.61.4.15 Download PDF
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