Heterogeneity of human fibroblasts isolated from hypertrophic scar

Vol. 60 No. 3, 2019


Raluca Tutuianu, Ana Maria Rosca, Gabriela Florea, Vasile Pruna, Daniela Madalina Iacomi, Luminita Andreea Radulescu, Tiberiu Paul Neagu, Ioan Lascar, Irina Domnica Titorencu

Pathological wound healing states, such as hypertrophic scarring and keloids, represent a huge clinical and financial burden on healthcare system. The complex biological mechanisms occurring in hypertrophic scarring are still barely understood. To date, there is no satisfactory description of hypertrophic fibroblasts. Therefore, in the present study we focused on the comparatively characterization of the fibroblasts residing in different regions of hypertrophic scars. To achieve this aim, fibroblasts were isolated from normal skin samples (n=4) and hypertrophic scars (n=4). These cell populations were further were used for the evaluation of proliferation and migration capacity, for the gene and protein expression of extracellular matrix protein type I collagen and fibronectin and for the presence of myofibroblasts. Our results demonstrated that perilesional and intralesional fibroblasts isolated from hypertrophic scars could be considered as distinct populations, having different properties. Thus, the intralesional fibroblasts had an increased proliferation capacity and increased gene and protein expression of collagen I and fibronectin. However, the perilesional fibroblasts had augmented mobility as revealed by in vitro scratch test and contained a higher percentage of myofibroblasts [alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA)high cells], in comparison to the intralesional population. In conclusion, our data could provide an explanation regarding the inconsistent efficacy of topic therapies for hypertrophic scars.

Corresponding author: Irina Domnica Titorencu, PhD; e-mail: irina.titorencu@icbp.ro

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