Complications related to breast reconstruction after mastectomy using multiple surgical techniques - a national and international comparative analysis

Vol. 60 No. 1, 2019

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Silviu-Adrian Marinescu, Catalin-Gheorghe Bejinariu, Elena Sapte, Marius Cristian Marinas, Carmen Giuglea

The present paper describes and analyzes complications related to alloplastic breast reconstruction, as well as those associated with surgical techniques involving myocutaneous flaps. The article also contains a comparative analysis of the results obtained with the data in the international specialized literature. The statistical analysis is primary based on data obtained from patients included in the National Breast Reconstruction Program developed within the Bagdasar-Arseni Emergency Clinical Hospital, Bucharest, Romania, between 2015 and 2019. In order to highlight and present a thorough comparison between the possible long-term complications associated with multiple reconstructive techniques, the paper also includes data related to patients who have undergone such surgical interventions in the aforementioned Health Unit, but which were not included in the national program, resulting a total of 73 reconstructive surgical interventions. The research results show that the overall rate of complications was 43.83%, skin necrosis, superficial infection and seroma being in this order the main complications that were identified. In the authors opinion, risks of complications are moderated in relation with breast reconstruction surgery. However, the complication rate significantly varies depending on the chosen technique. The lowest risk levels registered in this study were associated with the breast reconstruction using the two-stage expander-implant technique. The analysis compares the achieved results with data provided by international studies, the main differences being caused by the status of the medical infrastructure, as well as the moment of hospital admission that is primarily determined by the level of medical education.

Corresponding author: Catalin-Gheorghe Bejinariu, MD; e-mail: drbejinariu@gmail.com

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