Clinical, histological and therapeutic modern approach of Ledderhose disease

Vol. 59 No. 3, 2018

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Tiberiu Paul Neagu, Mirela Tiglis, Andreea Popescu, Valentin Enache, Serban-Arghir Popescu, Ioan Lascar

Ledderhose disease or plantar fibromatosis is a rare hyperproliferative disorder of the plantar aponeurosis, clinically characterized by nodules situated especially on the medial border of the foot. It is histopathologically associated with Dupuytren s disease. This disease has some risk factors, like old age, alcohol or nicotine abuse, liver dysfunction, trauma or exposure to vibrations and autoimmune disorders, but the exact etiology is still unknown. Even though it is benign, the local manifestations can be aggressive, leading to debilitating deformities and contractures of the toes. Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging are used to confirm the diagnosis and to eliminate other disorders. Whenever is possible, the conservative therapies are recommended. Having a high recurrence, Ledderhose disease can be hard to treat, needing multiple surgical interventions. This paper aims to cover all the important aspects of this disease for daily medical practice, from history to clinical manifestations, diagnostic methods and histopathological features, to conservative and surgical treatment modalities.

Corresponding author: Mirela Tiglis, Assistant Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: mirelatiglis@gmail.com

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