The urologist and child hydronephrosis caused by ureteral anomalies

Vol. 59 No. 1, 2018

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Gheorghe Adrian Bumbu, Mihail-Claudius Berechet, Karim Nacer, Gheorghe Bumbu, Nina Ionovici, Bogdan Andrei Bumbu

Congenital hydronephrosis caused by ureteral anomalies, like ureteral duplicity, megaureter, ureteral ectopy and ureterocele, must be differentiated from ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UJO) hydronephrosis and from the hydronephrosis caused by vesicoureteral reflux. These represent a differentiated branch of congenital abnormalities in children even if not so common, but this fact should not be disconsidered. Over a five years period, from 111 operated children in our Clinic, we performed 13 interventions for congenital hydronephrosis, 11 (84.61%) being caused by ureteral abnormalities. Here, there were described particular cases, with diagnosis steps and treatment decisions. Ureteral ectopy can be manifested by loss of urine drops in cases where ureteral holes are located in the vagina, septum or urethra, inferior to the sphincter mechanism. Incontinence in boys never occurs because the ectopic ureter never opens under the sphincter mechanism. If the ureter opens in the genital tract, patients may clinically present with the epididymitis symptom. From autopsy statistics in the US, the incidence of ureteral duplex is estimated to be less than 1%. When the duplex is associated with urinary infection, the incidence of ureteral duplex increases up to 8%.

Corresponding author: Mihail-Claudius Berechet, MD, PhD; e-mail: berechet.mihail@yahoo.com; Nina Ionovici, Associate Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: ninaionovici@yahoo.com

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