Mucosal CCR1 gene expression as a marker of molecular activity in Crohn s disease: preliminary data

Vol. 58 No. 4, 2017

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Maria Dobre, Teodora Ecaterina Manuc, Elena Milanesi, Iancu Emil Plesea, Eugen Nicolae Tieranu, Caterina Popa, Mircea Manuc, Carmen Monica Preda, Ioana Tieranu, Mihai Mircea Diculescu, Elena Mirela Ionescu, Gabriel Becheanu

Aim: A series of mechanisms of immune response, inflammation and apoptosis have been demonstrated to contribute to the appearance and evolution of Crohn s disease (CD) through the overexpression of several cytokines and chemokines in a susceptible host. The aim of this study was to identify the differences in gene expression profiles analyzing a panel of candidate genes in the mucosa from patients with active CD (CD-A), patients in remission (CD-R), and normal controls. Patients, Materials and Methods: Nine individuals were enrolled in the study: six CD patients (three with active lesions, three with mucosal healing) and three controls without inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) seen on endoscopy. All the individuals underwent mucosal biopsy during colonoscopy. Gene expression levels of 84 genes previously associated with CD were evaluated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) array. Results: Ten genes out of 84 were found significantly differentially expressed in CD-A (CCL11, CCL25, DEFA5, GCG, IL17A, LCN2, REG1A, STAT3, MUC1, CCR1) and eight genes in CD-R (CASP1, IL23A, STAT1, STAT3, TNF, CCR1, CCL5, and HSP90B1) when compared to controls. A quantitative gene expression analysis revealed that CCR1 gene was more expressed in CD-A than in CD-R. Conclusions: Our data suggest that CCR1 gene may be a putative marker of molecular activity of Crohn s disease. Following these preliminary data, a confirmation in larger cohort studies could represent a useful method in order to identify new therapeutic targets.

Corresponding author: Teodora Ecaterina Manuc, MD, PhD Candidate; e-mail: teodora.manuc@gmail.com

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