Comparison of pathology, blood gas and biomarkers between two rat models of acute lung injury

Vol. 58 No. 4, 2017

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Yuan-Dong Hu, Ling Jiang, Liu-Lin Xiong, Yue Hu, Qing-Jie Xia, Ting-Hua Wang

An ideal animal model to explore pathogenesis and prevention of acute lung injury (ALI) is essential. The present study aims to compare the difference in pathology, blood gas values and biomarkers of two acute lung injury rat models at different time intervals. In the experiment, rats were randomly divided into three groups: lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group, oleic acid (OA) group and control group. Changes of pathology, blood gas values and blood-air barrier biomarkers were analyzed at 15 minutes, 6 hours, 12 hours and 24 hours after injection. The results showed that the two models exhibited different features. Compared with the LPS rats, OA rats exhibited significantly severe pathological changes, lower arterial oxygen partial pressure (PaO2) value and higher level of injury biomarkers. However, LPS rats boasted greater lactic acid (LAC) level and more severe acidosis than OA rats. This study suggests that LPS-induced model has greater value in researches on microcirculation dysfunction and sepsis resulting from ALI, while OA-induced model has greater repeatability in area of gas exchanging after ALI. These events may provide a new theoretical evidence for the model establishment of ALI.

Corresponding author: Ting-Hua Wang, Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: tinghua_neuron@263.net

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