Tuberculosis and its particularities in Romania and worldwide

Vol. 58 No. 2, 2017


Floarea Mimi Nitu, Mihai Olteanu, Costin Teodor Streba, Gabriela Jimborean, Paraschiva Postolache, Milena Adina Man, Antigona-Carmen Trofor, Roxana Maria Nemes, Livia Dragonu, Madalina Olteanu

Tuberculosis (TB) is a global health issue, with a rising incidence since the beginning of this century. It poses a severe mortality risk and also poses a serious economic risk as it reduces the working capacity of an individual in the most productive part of life. Developing countries face widespread tuberculosis infection - up to 95% of all cases and 98% of deaths, respectively. It is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (the Koch bacillus) that can be contracted from either humans or animal hosts. Infection is also associated with immunodepressive conditions and can be contacted through airborne, digestive, cutaneous or other routes of transmission. Pulmonary TB can be either primary - when events follow a first contact between the organism and the bacillus, and secondary - in case of a reactivation of a latent primary infection. One of the aims of this review is to present the current epidemiological data of TB infections in Romania, compared to the rest of the world, with an analysis of associated conditions and extra-respiratory TB infections. One of the main conclusions of our review is that optimal management of this complex disease can only be achieved through a coherent national prevention and treatment program, with centralized financing and sufficient epidemiological, imaging and laboratory support, in conjunction with good patient compliance.

Corresponding author: Mihai Olteanu, Lecturer, MD, PhD; e-mail:

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