Associated lesions of peri-implant mucosa in immediate versus delayed loading of dental implants

Vol. 58 No. 2, 2017


Alexandru Andrei Iliescu, Sabina Andrada Zurac, Vasile Nicolae, Mihaela Georgiana Iliescu, Paula Perlea

Currently, immediate loading of dental implants is very attractive as a standard protocol for prosthetic restorations in edentulous patients. The aim of this study is to find out the intimate peri-implant mucosa response depending on timing of implant loading, immediate or delayed. Fifty-one screw implants Alpha Bio (Alpha-Bio Tec, Israel) were inserted in 42 partially edentulous patients according to standardized surgical techniques. At six months of loading, samples of peri-implant mucosa were harvested from 27 immediate loaded, respectively 24 delayed loaded implants, and subjected to microscopic examination. Peri-implant mucosa in both loadings revealed a continuous and stable stratified squamous epithelium with moderate acanthosis and slight hyperkeratosis. Severe fibrosis and tendency to scar-like lesions were present mainly in immediate loading. Slight to moderate density of inflammatory chronic cell populations of non-uniform feature was common to both loading protocols. As compared to lymphocytes, higher scores of plasma cells were encountered in immediate loading. In immediate and delayed loading, the peri-implant mucosa as a new generated structure does not reveal different tissue responses. After six month of prosthetic loading, the healthy peri-implant mucosa is compatible with fibrosis and minor chronic inflammatory reactions.

Corresponding author: Vasile Nicolae, Associate Professor, DMD, PhD; e-mail:

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