The experience of our Clinic in laparoscopy for adnexal masses and the correlation between ultrasound findings and pathological results

Vol. 57 No. 4, 2016

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Liana Ples, Romina-Marina Sima, Anca Burnei, Dinu Florin Albu, Mihaela Adriana Bujor, Stelian Conci, Valeriu Teodorescu, Antoine Edu

Introduction: An adnexal mass (mass of the ovary, Fallopian tube, or surrounding connective tissues) is a common gynecological problem. Ovarian pathology can occur at any time from fetal life to menopause. Sonography is a clinically important imaging modality for assessing whether an adnexal mass is likely benign or possibly malignant. Most ovarian surgeries are for benign disease and can be performed laparoscopically. Patients, Materials and Methods: We retrospectively evaluated all the patients from our Clinic who underwent laparoscopy for adnexal tumors in the last three year. We were studying the correlation of the preoperative ultrasound examination and the pathological result for each case. Results: In this study, there were included 71 patients who underwent a laparoscopic intervention for adnexal tumors. The average age was 33 years old. The ultrasound findings were ovarian endometriosis in 23.9% of cases, left ovarian cysts and right ovarian tumors, and the lowest percentage was of left ovarian tumors. Regarding the histopathological examination, we found the following results: ovarian endometriosis, ovarian functional cysts, serous ovarian cysts, salpingitis, ovarian myoma, papillary serous ovarian cysts, ovarian teratoma cysts, one caseof ovarian carcinoma and one case of borderline serous tumor. In this study, we observed that it was a strong correlation between the ultrasound finding and the pathological result for adnexal tumors. Conclusions: The laparoscopy was performed in our Clinic for adnexal masses with benign characters in ultrasound examination. The histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis, being only one case of ovarian carcinoma in this study.

Corresponding author: Romina-Marina Sima, Assistant Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: romina.sima@yahoo.es

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