Morphological landmarks of proximal humerus with impact in post-traumatic outcome

Vol. 57 No. 4, 2016


Olivera Lupescu, Gheorghe Ion Popescu, Mihail Nagea, Nicolae Marian Ciurea, Alexandru Lisias Dimitriu, Doriana Lupescu, Simona Bondari

As one of the fundamental requirements for an optimal function of the locomotive system is the integrity of the skeleton, the morphology of proximal humerus is crucial for upper limb performance. Not only that the bone is the support for muscle insertion, but its particular form is responsible especially for the complex movement of the shoulder joint, so that any pathological features of this morphology results in different degrees of dysfunction. Since trauma is the most frequent cause for morphological changes of this area, this paper studies the anatomical landmarks, which are affected by proximal humeral fractures and must be targeted when treating these injuries, for they influence the functional outcome. Evaluating the results from a Level 1 Trauma Centre, the authors underline the importance of these anatomical landmarks in approaching proximal humeral fractures and aim to establish a morphology-based therapeutic algorithm, crucial for optimal functional restoration.

Corresponding author: Alexandru Lisias Dimitriu, MD, PhD Student; e-mail:

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