A very rare association between giant right atrial myxoma and patent foramen ovale. Extracellular matrix and morphological aspects: a case report

Vol. 57 No. 2 Suppl., 2016
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Adrian Molnar, Svetlana Encica, Diana Maria Sacui, Ioan Muresan, Aurelian-Catalin Trifan

We report a case of sporadic giant cardiac myxoma with a rare localization in the right atrium, operated in our Service, in a 73-year-old female patient who also presented a patent foramen ovale and a history of ischemic stroke in the year prior to current admission. Intra-operatively, the tumor had a very friable, gelatinous aspect, with a high potential for embolization due to its reduced consistency. The present paper refers to clinical, histochemical and immunohistochemical particularities, as well as to macroscopic and microscopic characteristics of the cardiac myxoma, emphasizing the extracellular matrix aspects, and without leaving out the cellular components of this rare tumor, with possible inference in the management of this disease. The authors present their own observations related to the data from the literature. Also, there are some particularities of the case which justify the current presentation.

Corresponding author: Adrian Molnar, Assistant Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: adimolnar45@yahoo.com

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ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Cristian Radu Jecan, Stefan-Iulian Bedereag, Ruxandra-Diana Sinescu, Valentin-Titus Grigorean, Cristina-Nicoleta Cozma, Anca Bordianu, Ioan-Petre Florescu

Calcinosis consists of abnormal calcium deposition in soft tissues, which appears often in patients with limited systemic sclerosis, being one of the criteria of CREST (calcinosis cutis, Raynaud phenomenon, esophageal dysfunction, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia) syndrome. With a long evolution, the aim of the treatment is to control the symptoms and prevent complications. In this article, we present the challenging management of a profuse lesion of calcinosis in a patient with systemic sclerosis. We describe the case of a 52-year-old woman with systemic sclerosis and CREST syndrome who was admitted in our Department with multiple painful and disabling tumoral masses, situated in nearly all joints. The interscapular vertebral tumoral mass was excised and the defect was closed. Histopathological examination revealed cutaneous calcinosis, probably associated with CREST syndrome, a type of scleroderma. Postoperative results were favorable and no local complications were encountered. Six months follow-up revealed no evidence of recurrence. Despite the size and the invasion of the tumor in the muscle, complete resection was possible with an adequate reconstruction; the postoperative result being acceptable. With a lower response to medication, surgical treatment is considered the only option for treating symptomatic lesions of calcinosis in order to improve quality of life.

Corresponding author: Cristina-Nicoleta Cozma, MD; e-mail: cristina.cozma88@yahoo.com

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