Histoprognostic markers role in colorectal cancer

Vol. 57 No. 2 Suppl., 2016
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Florinel Badulescu, Gabriela-Marcelina Mihai, Adriana Badulescu, Ileana Prejbeanu

Malignant tumors with digestive location are, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Romania, the constant increase of prevalence and incidence of colorectal cancer awarded it the status of priority public health problem. The study aimed to identify specific aspects of colorectal cancer histoprognosis that may be associated with a higher frequency of the disease. Data were collected from records and registers within Clinic of Medical Oncology, Emergency County Hospital, Craiova, Romania. Were analyzed and associated demographics and epidemiological data, clinical features, anatomotopographical, histopathological and immunohistochemical. The cases studied were adenocarcinomas with a balanced gender distribution and a worrying incidence for Craiova. The age group with the highest incidence was that of 55-64 years. Topographic, rectum and rectosigmoidian junction are the first two locations. More than half of the cases (55.55%) are adenocarcinomas with moderate differentiation and belong to the pT3 category, as extension of colorectal tumor degree. 32.5% of patients were identified with mutations in the K-Ras oncogenes and were found Ki67 positive immunoreacted and heterogeneity of antigen expression in tumor areas studied. Colorectal cancer recorded a worldwide steady increase in the incidence; growth trend in our country is above the European average. Dolj County faces with an increased incidence and mortality rates by this disease. To limit the disease at the population level and pre-malignant diagnosis is necessary to establish histo-prognostic value and predictive of tumor markers.

Corresponding author: Florinel Badulescu, Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: fbadulescu2001@yahoo.com

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ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Ileana Cristiana Croitoru, Stefania Craitoiu, Cristian Marian Petcu, Oana Andreea Mihailescu, Roxana Maria Pascu, Adelina Gabriela Bobic, Doriana Agop Forna, Monica Mihaela Craitoiu

Periapical lesions are among the most frequent periodontal pathologies in human teeth, generally called apical periodontitis. Apical periodontitis is a continuation of the endodontic space infection and it is manifested as a response of the host defense against the microbial action. It may determine local inflammation, hard tissue resorption, destruction of other periapical tissues. The preliminary diagnosis of chronic periapical lesions is based on the clinical symptoms and imagistic investigation, which represent a reliable diagnosis instrument, but the histological investigation remains essential for a certain diagnosis. We performed a clinical and histological study of the periapical lesions, evaluating the various clinical and imagistic aspects and we compared them with the results of the histological examination, in order to establish the correspondence between the clinical-imagistic aspects and the morphological ones. The relation between the histological aspects, the clinical signs and imagistic aspects may provide valuable data both for establishing an accurate diagnosis and for adopting the most efficient treatment.

Corresponding author: Stefania Craitoiu, Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: scraitoiu@yahoo.com

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