Lectin purification from fruiting bodies of brown roll-rim fungus, Paxillus involutus (Fr.) Fr., and its application in histochemistry

Vol. 55 No. 3 Suppl., 2014
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.


Rostyslav Antonyuk, Alexander Lutsyk, Volodymyr Antonyuk

A lectin (agglutinin) from fresh fruit bodies of the brown roll-rim fungus - Paxillus involutus (Fr.) Fr. - has been purified with output approx. 60 mg/kg of raw material. Method of purification included the sedimentation of viscous polysaccharide by ethanol, removal of ethanol by dialysis, ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Toyopearl and affinity chromatography on Sepharose 6B column with immobilized mannose-specific Polygonatum multiflorum lectin. The obtained lectin preparation (abbreviated PIFA) is a glycoprotein with 6.5+/-1% carbohydrates, molecular mass of 64 kDa, consisting of four identical subunits. Lectin interacted only with N-acetyl-lactosamine and glycoproteins that contained Gal(beta1)-4GlcNAc disaccharide moieties; agglutinated erythrocytes of dog, sheep and horse, but not of humans. The specificity of PIFA binding to tissue samples of the rat has been investigated. Lectin selectively reacted with gastric parietal cells, submandibular salivary gland duct cells. In the kidney, PIFA labeled epithelial cells of renal tubules, collecting ducts, nuclei of podocytes and mesangiocytes. It was also revealed selective lectin binding to Purkinje cells of cerebellum. Brush border of absorptive cells in small intestine was also strongly reactive, while goblet cells both in small and large intestine were completely negative. Considering similarities in carbohydrate specificity of Paxillus involutus (PIFA) and Ricinus communis agglutinin (RCA-120), histochemical reactivity of these two lectins was compared. It was similar, yet not identical: differences included absence of PIFA binding to the brush border of renal tubules, higher interaction with absorptive cells of the small intestine, lower background staining of cerebellar cortex and renal corpuscles. A conclusion was made that due to the unique carbohydrate specificity PIFA lectin can cover prospective position in experimental histochemistry and diagnostic histopathology comparable to PNA (Peanut agglutinin) and SNA (Sambucus nigra agglutinin).

Corresponding author: Alexander Lutsyk, MD, PhD, Professor and Chair; e-mail: lutsyk@meduniv.lviv.ua, lutsykalexander@gmail.com

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Aleodor A. Andea, Raj Patel, Selvarangan Ponnazhagan, Tatyana Isayeva, Sanjay Kumar, Gene P. Siegal

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare, but highly aggressive primary cutaneous malignancy, showing neuroendocrine differentiation. In 2008, a novel member of the polyomavirus family, named Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) was identified in the genome of MCC tumors raising the possibility of an involvement in its pathogenesis. Due to the rarity of this tumor and current pathology practices, the most readily available tissue is archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) material. In this study, we evaluated the presence of MCPyV in FFPE tissue and correlated its presence with tumor progression. Representative FFPE specimens from 18 tumors belonging to 14 patients with a diagnosis of MCC spanning the period from 2003 to 2008 were retrieved. Following DNA extraction, we performed PCR amplification and sequencing with four different MCPyV-specific primer pairs mapping within the T antigen and VP1 region. Overall, we detected MCPyV amplicons in 8/18 (44.4%) analyzed tumors from 7/14 (50%) cases. Two-year survival rate and median survival for the MCPyV-positive MCCs were 48% and 22.5 months, respectively and for the negative ones 69% and 51.3 months, respectively; however, the difference did not reach statistical significance (p=0.8). There was no significant correlation between the presence of the virus and the stage at presentation; however, tumors in the head and neck area had a lower frequency of viral positivity compared to those arising in the extremities suggesting a MCPyV-independent oncogenetic pathway perhaps, dependent on UV exposure, in a subset of these cases.

Corresponding author: Aleodor A. Andea, MD, MBA; e-mail: andeaa@med.umich.edu

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