Desmoplastic melanoma - challenges in the diagnosis and management of a rare cutaneous tumor

Vol. 55 No. 3 Suppl., 2014
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Irina Margaritescu, Aurel Doru Chirita

Desmoplastic melanoma (DM) represents a distinctive rare variant of spindle cell melanoma with a predilection for chronically sun-exposed skin of the elderly. This neoplasm is notoriously difficult to diagnose, both clinically and histopathologically. Therefore, DM is deeply infiltrative at the time of presentation. Histologically, the tumor presents as a proliferation consisting of non-pigmented spindle cells arranged in poorly formed fascicles. The neoplastic cells have a deceptively bland appearance with slightly pleomorphic and hyperchromatic nuclei, inconspicuous nucleoli and low mitotic activity. DM can mimic a whole range of benign and malignant neoplasms with spindle cell and fibrous appearance. Even though S100 remains the first-choice marker for DM, currently, there is no reliable marker with both high sensitivity and specificity for its detection. However, emerging melanoma markers, such as SOX10, have shown promising results in the diagnosis of DM. An accurate diagnosis of DM should always be based on the integration of all the clinical, histological and immunohistochemical features. Once diagnosed, DM should be aggressively excised with at least 2 cm lateral margins and down to the fascia. We present a case of DM that appeared on a non sun-exposed site. The tumor recurred multiple times in spite of repeated surgery involving wide local excisions and histologically reported negative margins. Recurrences are almost always associated with the presence of neurotropism. In our case, the neurotropism was obvious only in the second recurrence. We highlight the difficulties encountered in the diagnosis and management of both the initial tumor and its recurrence.

Corresponding author: Irina Margaritescu, MD, DipRCPath; e-mail: irina.margaritescu@gmail.com

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ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Ligia Vaida, Bianca Ioana Todor, Claudia Corega, Mihaela Baciut, Grigore Baciut

Canine transmigration is a very rare dental anomaly in which an unerupted mandibular canine migrates, crossing the mandibular midline. This unusual condition is most often diagnosed by chance during a routine X-ray examination. The most common clinical signs announcing the presence of this anomaly are over-retention of the deciduous canine and the absence of permanent canine from the dental arch after its physiological period of eruption. In this paper, we present a clinical case, 10-year-old boy, who was diagnosed with mandibular right canine transmigration at three years after the start of orthodontic treatment, during which we were expecting the eruption of mandibular canines. The orthopantomograph revealed the mandibular right canine to be in a horizontal position under the apices of the incisors - type 2 transmigration pattern classified by Mupparapu (2002). Based on cone-beam computer tomography examination, we recommended a surgical exposure of the canine and orthodontic alignment. Due to the risk of root resorption of the mandibular right lateral incisor during orthodontic movement phase of canine transmigrated to the dental arch, we decided to align the mandibular right canine in a transposition, between the two mandibular right incisors. Then we resorted to adapting the mandibular right lateral incisor coronary morphology to simulate a canine and also to reshaping the canine coronary morphology to resemble a lateral incisor. This therapeutic approach allowed us to restore morphologically and functionally the mandibular dento-alveolar arch, preserving the entire dental system.

Corresponding author: Mihaela Baciut, DMD, MD, PhD; e-mail: mbaciut@yahoo.com

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