Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity: clinical and pathological aspects

Vol. 54 No. 2, 2013

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

A. Fronie, Adina Bunget, Emilia Afrem, Liliana Lucia Preotescu, Dorina Corlan Puscu, Liliana Streba, L. Mogoanta, Daniela Dumitrescu

Oral cavity cancer is a public health problem as the sixth leading cause of cancer worldwide. Most tumor lesions are detected in stage III and IV, leading to a poor prognosis, five-year survival rate ranging between 10% and 40%. Oral cancer etiology is multifactorial, known still incomplete. The main etiopathogenic factors are exposure to cigarette smoke and alcohol consumption. We conducted a retrospective study of oral cavity tumors hospitalized in 2008-2012 in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinic of the Emergency County Hospital of Craiova, Romania. Of 143 tumors of the oral cavity, 125 were malignant, and of these, 115 (92%) were represented by squamous cell carcinoma. Tumor lesions were more common in males (69%), patients from rural areas (64%) and those over 50-year-old (87.71%).

Corresponding author: Laurentiu Mogoanta, Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: laurentiu_mogoanta@yahoo.com

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