Clinical, morphological and immunohistochemical characterization of a recurrent B1 type thymoma

Vol. 53 No. 3 Suppl., 2012
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

R. Cornea, Anca Maria Cimpean, Mihaela Simu, Amalia Cornea, C. Suciu, M. Raica

Type B1 thymoma is widely accepted as a tumor with a non-aggressive behavior even in advanced stage. Most of these tumors are classified as Masaoka stage I or II. They rarely relapse or metastasize and the surgical treatment is considered curative. We have investigated a case of thymoma type B1, which relapsed 13 months after the primary tumor was excised. The patient was diagnosed with a local tumor recurrence after investigations due to the worsening of clinical symptoms of myasthenia gravis (MG). The therapy management of such cases is debatable and protocols not yet approved. For this reason, we have analyzed different clinical, morphological and immunohistochemical characteristics that may be considered as prognostic factors for a more aggressive behavior of such tumors. We have identified some morphologic characteristics rarely seen in this type of thymoma but none considered of prognostic value. In addition, we investigated some possible immunohistochemical markers that are generally associated with a more aggressive clinical outcome in different malignant tumors and thymic epithelial tumors. Among these markers, only p53 was positive and may be useful to predict a more aggressive evolution. In summary, probably the more appropriate approach of the patient is the clinical follow-up together with treatment of the clinical symptoms of myasthenia gravis.

Corresponding author: Remus Cornea, Assistant Professor, MD, PhD candidate; e-mail: cornearemus@yahoo.com

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ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

M. Popescu, Viola Popov, G. Popescu, Camelia Dobrea, Aurelia Sandu, V. T. Grigorean, V. Strambu, I. E. Plesea

Acute pancreatitis is a common complication, which occurs with patients suffering from vesicular biliary lithiasis or chronic alcoholism. Hypercalcemia may determine acute pancreatitis, its causes being multiple: primary or secondary hyperparathyroidism, metabolic diseases of the bone, metastatic bone neoplasm, as well as lymphoproliferative syndromes caused by the HTLV-1 virus-adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL). ATLL is a malignant and aggressive lymphoproliferation with the T-cell, associated with the infection caused by the HTLV-1 retrovirus. Organomegaly, cutaneous conditions, and hypercalcemia represent the main characteristics of the disease. From a hematologic point of view, we can notice the atypical lymphocytes (also known as flower cells, due to the shape of their nucleus), with a distinct CD4+ CD25+ phenotype. There have been reported few cases of patients who showed acute pancreatitis in the onset of the disease. We will describe the case of a patient whose diagnosis has not been an easy one, as it showed multiple complications from a very early stage. Conclusions: The atypical onset of ATLL with acute pancreatitis is rarely reported. Its etiology seems to be hypercalcemia but pancreatic infiltration with ATLL cells cannot be ruled out. An attentive investigation of the peripheral blood sample and flow-cytometric tests of peripheral and medullar blood smear are very important for diagnosis. The patient showed from the very beginning severe neurological manifestations which developed to a coma. Causes could have been metabolic as well as CNS infiltration (as shown by the CT examination).

Corresponding author: Valentin Titus Grigorean, Associated Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: valentingrigorean@gmail.com, grigorean.valentin@yahoo.com

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