Massive cortico-subcortical ischemic stroke with a consecutive hemorrhagic event: a case report

Vol. 52 No. 2, 2011

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

D. Pirici, Daniela Adriana Ion, L. Mogoanta, Otilia Margaritescu, Ionica Pirici, Camelia Foarfa, Valerica Tudorica, N. M. Panduru, Marieta Coconu, I. A. Checherita

Background: We report a case of a 78-year-old woman with a large cerebral infarction probably due to athermanous embolism following atrial fibrillation. Case description: The patient, known with atrial fibrillation, high blood pressure and heart failure, complained of headache and motor impairment on the left side of the body. CT imaging revealed a subacute ischemic lesion in the right fronto-occipital lobes, and an old ischemic lesion in the right fronto-parietal lobes. Anticoagulant treatment was conducted with careful monitoring of the coagulability status. After almost three weeks, suddenly the patient became comatose and died shortly after. Macroscopic and microscopic examination confirmed the cortico-subcortical ischemic lesions, but also identified a fresh hemorrhagic site in pons, distant from the initial lesion sites. An immunohistochemical study identified blood vessels in the ischemic sites completely isolated from any glial support. Conclusions: This is a rare case of a large cerebral infarction with a pontine hemorrhagic event.

Corresponding author: Daniel Pirici, Teaching Assistant, MD, PhD, e-mail: daniel.pirici@webmail.umfcv.ro

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