The endoscopic and morphological forms of early gastric cancer

Vol. 48 No. 4, 2007


P. Mitruț, Aurelia Enescu, Letiția Adela Maria Streba, F. Burada, G. Cojocaru, Cristiana Simionescu, Cl. Mărgăritescu, Amelia Genunche-Dumitrescu

The early gastric cancer is an endoscopic notion in which gastric cancer is strictly placed to mucosis and submucosis without extensive manifestations. It is the form with favorable prognosis and better survival at 5 and 10 years. Our study tries to systematize the debut forms of early gastric cancer and their association with the lesions with malignisation risk. We also try to evaluate the incidence of endoscopic and histopathologic forms of early gastric cancer found in an internal medicine division. Our study included 435 patients with gastric cancer endoscopic and histologic diagnosed. Statistically, 64.36% were men and 35.64% were women, the mean age 48 +/- 7 years. The endoscopic forms of early gastric cancer were type I: protruded in 19 cases, type II: superficially in eight cases, type III: excavated in six cases. Early gastric cancer is diagnosed with difficulty, it represents in 7.58% of the gastric cancer, being most frequently asymptomatic. The endoscopic forms frequently found in early gastric cancer in the population were type I: protruded and type IIa: superficially elevated. The histopathological examination is compulsory at this form of gastric cancer, while in advanced gastric cancer endoscopy is often sufficient for diagnosis. Analyzing the histopathological results of cases diagnosed with early gastric cancer we found: 22 cases with intestinal type and 11 cases diffuse type. Microscopically, 15 were intramucosal and 18 had submucosal invasion. I and IIa lesions were predominantly located at the antrum and are histologically differentiated adenocarcinoma. Differentiated carcinoma frequently produces an elevated lesion and the border is well demarcated. There are frequent opportunities to detect gastric cancer in the early phase and the patient can expect a complete cure by the surgical operation or endoscopical mucosal resection.

Corresponding author: Paul Mitruț, MD, PhD, e-mail:

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