Tumor angiogenesis in gastric cancer

Vol. 64 No. 3, 2023


Alexandru Giubelan, Marius Ionut Stancu, Sorina Octavia Hontaru, Gheorghe Dan Malaescu, Oana Badea-Voiculescu, Camelia Firoiu, Stelian Stefanita Mogoanta

Gastric cancer (GC) is still a major health problem, being one of the leading causes of cancer-related death in the world. Although the overall incidence of GC is decreasing in the United States and Western Europe, it is still high in many countries from Asia, South America, and Eastern Europe. The process of angiogenesis or the formation of new blood vessels plays an important role in cancer progression, as it allows oxygen supply, nutrients, and factors to grow tumor cells. In our study, we found that gastric neoplasms have high vascularity, with anarchic distribution, uneven in tumor stroma, sometimes with congestion vessels and microhemorrhages. Most vessels were capillaries, with a discontinuous endothelium, poorly structured basement membrane, without junctions between endothelial cells, hyperpermeable, creating the possibility of local edema in the tumor microenvironment (TME), and also extravasation of the plasma, leukocytes and even red blood cells. Angiogenesis vessels showed a low number of pericytes, which shows that they are young vessels, both morphologically and functionally immature. Tumor cells can synthesize biochemical factors [vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A)] that stimulate the formation of new vessels (angiogenesis) to ensure their growth and metastasis. Some connective cells (tumor-associated mast cells, tumor-associated fibroblasts) are also involved in the angiogenesis process, which stimulate the progression of tumor cells and remodel the TME.

Corresponding author: Marius Ionut Stancu, MD, PhD Student; e-mail: mariusstancu86@yahoo.com; Sorina Octavia Hontaru, Lecturer; e-mail: dr.octavia1969@yahoo.com

DOI: 10.47162/RJME.64.3.03 Download PDF
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