Effects of Coriandrum sativum on distant organ inflammation and apoptosis due to liver ischemia/reperfusion injury

Vol. 64 No. 2, 2023


Aysel Kukner, Pelin Toros, Gizem Soyler, Selin Isik, Gozde Ogutcu, Oguzhan Edebal, Filiz Mericli

Liver ischemia/reperfusion (IR) often affects distant organs, such as small intestine, kidney, and lung. Coriandrum sativum (CS) has an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect on liver damage. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic effects of CS extract on small intestine, lung, and kidney after the liver IR injury. Small intestine, lung, and kidney tissues were evaluated and scored in terms of cell degeneration, inflammation, and congestion, as well as caspase-3 (Cas-3) and cluster of differentiation 31 (CD31) immunostainings were carried out. Renal enzymes, creatinine and urea levels were measured biochemically in serum. After IR, a decrease in villi size, diffuse degeneration, epithelial cell shedding and extensive congestion in the capillaries were observed. Meanwhile, the number of degenerated villi and congestion decreased in the IR+CS group. Due to IR, increased congestion was detected in the interalveolar septum of the lungs and in the capillaries between the kidney tubules. It was also observed that the positively stained cells with Cas-3 and CD31 were increased in the lung, kidney, and small intestine tissues of the IR group, and decreased in the IR+CS group. Kidney enzymes, urea and creatinine levels were significantly increased in the IR group and decreased in the IR+CS group. In conclusion, it was observed that liver IR caused changes in distant organs, especially in the small intestine, lung, and kidneys. Damaging effects of IR as well as apoptosis and inflammation were found to be decreased in the groups treated with CS.

Corresponding author: Aysel Kukner, Professor, PhD; e-mail: akukner@hotmail.com

DOI: 10.47162/RJME.64.2.11 Download PDF
Download cover
Download contents

Journal archive