Injectable platelet-rich fibrin influences the behavior of gingival mesenchymal stem cells

Vol. 61 No. 1, 2020


Sofia Iozon, Gabriela Valentina Caracostea, Emoke Pall, Olga Soritau, Ionut Daniel Manaloiu, Adriana-Elena Bulboaca, Mihaela Lupse, Carmen Mihaela Mihu, Alexandra Livia Roman

In this study, we examined the effects of injectable platelet-rich fibrin (iPRF) on proliferation and osteodifferentiation in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from human gingiva. Gingival MSCs (gMSCs) were grown in experimental culture media with different concentrations of iPRF [5%, 10%, and replacement of fetal calf serum (FCS) in the standard media with 10% iPRF-10% iPRF-FCS]. Immunophenotyping of gMSCs was performed after seven days by flow cytometry, and their proliferation was examined after three and seven days using the Cell Counting Kit-8 method. After 14 days in culture, spontaneous osteogenic differentiation of gMSCs was evaluated via real-time polymerase chain reaction. All gMSCs were positive for cluster of differentiation (CD) 105, CD73, CD90, and CD44, and negative for CD34/45, CD14, CD79a, and human leukocyte antigen, DR isotype (HLA-DR). Reduced expression of some surface antigens was observed in the gMSCs grown in 10% iPRF-FCS medium compared to the other groups. After three days, gMSCs grown in 10% iPRF had proliferated significantly less than the other groups. After seven days, proliferation was significantly higher in the 5% iPRF cells compared to the control, while proliferation in the 10% iPRF and 10% iPRF-FCS groups was significantly lower. No spontaneous osteogenic differentiation was observed in the presence of iPRF, as observed by low runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) expression. Some expression of secreted protein acidic and cysteine rich (SPARC) and collagen 1 alpha (COL1A) was observed for all the gMSCs regardless of the culture medium composition. gMSCs grown in 10% iPRF had significantly lower SPARC expression. In conclusion, 5% iPRF stimulated gMSC proliferation, and an excessively high concentration of iPRF can impair osteogenic induction.

Corresponding author: Carmen Mihaela Mihu, Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail:

DOI: 10.47162/RJME.61.1.21 Download PDF