Congenital cataract - clinical and morphological aspects

Vol. 61 No. 1, 2020

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Catalina-Ioana Tataru, Calin-Petru Tataru, Adrian Costache, Ovidiu Boruga, Mihail Zemba, Radu Constantin Ciuluvica, George Sima

Congenital cataract is one of the main causes of blindness in newborns and children. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are about 14 million children suffering from congenital cataract. Our study is based on 82 children, males - 46 (56.1%) and females - 36 (43.9%), with congenital cataract operated in the same ophthalmological centre in Bucharest, Romania. Of the 82 patients, 49 (59.76%) had bilateral cataract and 33 (40.24%) unilateral cataract. Clinically, the most frequent was the total cataract, followed by lamellar, nuclear and cerulean. We employed nine surgical approaches in our patients, depending on the type of intraocular lens (IOL). Morphologically, obvious changes were rendered evident at the level of anterior and posterior capsules, as well as subcapsular.

Corresponding author: Mihail Zemba, Lecturer, MD, PhD; e-mail: mhlzmb@yahoo.com; Radu Constantin Ciuluvica, Lecturer, MD, PhD; e-mail: raduciuluvica@yahoo.com

DOI: 10.47162/RJME.61.1.11 Download PDF