Expression and significance of Ki-67 in lung cancer

Vol. 59 No. 1, 2018

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Roxana Folescu, Codrina Mihaela Levai, Mirela Loredana Grigoras, Teodora Smaranda Arghirescu, Ioana Cristina Talpos, Ciprian Mihai Gindac, Carmen Lacramioara Zamfir, Vladimir Poroch, Mirella Dorina Anghel

Ki-67 parameter is a proliferation marker in malignant tumors. The increased proliferation activity and the decreased prognosis in lung cancer determined us to investigate different parameters connected to the tumor s aggression, such as cellularity, Ki-67 positivity rate, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). We evaluated the proliferative activity in 62 primary lung tumors by determining the cell s percentage of Ki-67 and immunoreactive PCNA (using MIB-1 and PCNA monoclonal antibodies), classifying Ki-67 and PCNA immunoreactivity into three score groups. The results obtained emphasized a linkage between Ki-67 score with the histological tumor subtype, tumor cellularity and degree of differentiation and with other proliferation immunohistochemistry (IHC) markers, such as p53 cellular tumor antigen. The tumor s cellularity, the Ki-67 positivity rate and PCNA, together with the clinical stage and the histological differentiation bring extra pieces of useful information in order to anticipate the evolution and the prognosis of lung cancer.

Corresponding author: Mirela Loredana Grigoras, Assistant Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: mirela.grigoras@yahoo.com; Teodora Smaranda Arghirescu, Associate Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: sarghirescu@yahoo.com

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