Upper airway cavities morphologic features in facial asymmetries

Vol. 56 No. 2 Suppl., 2015
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.


Elina Teodorescu, Matei Crisan, Viorica Tarmure, Elena Galan, Stefan Milicescu, Ecaterina Ionescu

Facial asymmetries have an important impact on the cranio-facial structures morphology, being the result of the genetic, environmental and dysfunctional factors and their impact on the dento-maxillary complex. Asymmetries can be identified in all craniofacial structures, including the upper airway cavities. Craniofacial asymmetries can influence general growth and development by altering the respiratory function. The present study aimed to evaluate morphologic correlations of the upper airway cavities changes in facial asymmetries. Most of the cases included in the study showed on the underdeveloped side that the nostril and nasal fossa were narrowed, while the paranasal sinuses were frequently larger. However, no correlation could be established to answer whether these changes were determined by asymmetry, or if they appeared as compensatory, or if only some structures of the upper airway cavities changed morphologically in a compensatory manner.

Corresponding author: Elina Teodorescu, Associate Professor, DDS, PhD; e-mail: elinateodorescu@yahoo.com

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Michal Polguj, Wojciech Szubert, Miroslaw Topol, Ludomir Stefanczyk

A 66-year-old Caucasian male, with sensation of abdominal pulsation was admitted to our hospital. In multidetector 64-row computed tomography (CT) angiography, an abdominal aortic aneurysm was observed. Endovascular aortic repair was performed. Control CT confirmed prosperity with stent graft fixation and absence of any vascular complications. Investigation also showed asymmetrical duplication of the inferior vena cava (IVC). Right (RIVC) and left (LIVC) inferior vena cava arose from the confluence of the right and left iliac veins. The LIVC continued as left renal vein.

Corresponding author: Michal Polguj, Associate Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: michal.polguj@umed.lodz.pl

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