Perineal reconstruction with biologic graft vulvoplasty for verrucous carcinoma treated by repeated vulvar excisions: a case report

Vol. 56 No. 2 Suppl., 2015
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Elvira Bratila, Cornel Petre Bratila, Diana-Elena Comandasu, Vasilica Bausic, Doina Mihaela Pop, Vlad Denis Constantin, Monica Mihaela Cirstoiu, Ruxandra Stanculescu

Vulvar neoplasia represents 5% of malignancies in female genital tract and 0.6% of all cancers in women. Although it is known to be a rare type of cancer, which occurs especially in elderly women, its incidence is increasing in young females because of its association with the human papillomavirus (HPV). In this paper, we report the case of a 46-year-old woman, gravidity 4, parity 3, with a medical history of multiple vulvar excisions for recurrent ulcerative vulvar lesions during a period of 11 years. The first lesion appeared in 2003, it was excised and the histopathological result showed squamous cell carcinoma with undifferentiated areas and chronic ulcerative inflammation. The patient underwent radiation therapy remaining at the end of it a small-ulcerated lesion at the superior vulvar commissure, which was biopsied in 2004 showing chronic ulcerative inflammation with reparatory areas of squamous immature benign metaplasia In April 2014, a dermatological consult described vulvar scleroatrophic lichen confirmed by a biopsy. In November 2014, the patient presented to our clinic when a vicious vulvar scar was detected, with a transformed tegument with aspect of atrophic lichen. A perineal reconstruction including anal sphincter plasty was performed. Due to the important remaining skin defect, a Surgisis graft vulvoplasty was performed. The histopathological result of the excised suspect areas was vulvar intraepithelial high-grade neoplasia (VIN III). A retrospective histopathological review of the case established that is more accurate to consider that the vulvar lesions were, all along, a very well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (verrucous carcinoma), which lacks cytopathic effect of HPV infection, has a low p53 expression but a high Ki67. Case evolution was favorable with the acceptance and integration of the biologic grafts at two months after surgery and normal healing.

Corresponding author: Elvira Bratila, University Assistant, MD, PhD; e-mail: elvirabarbulea@gmail.com

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ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Daniel Alin Cristian, Florin Andrei Grama, Gabriel Becheanu, Anamaria Pop, Ileana Popa, Valeriu Surlin, Sorin Stanilescu, Ana-Magdalena Bratu, Traean Burcos

We present a rare case of malignant epithelial neoplasm of the appendix, an uncommon disorder encountered in clinical practice, which poses a variety of diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. We report a particular case in which the appendix was abnormally located in the pelvis, mimicking an adnexal mass. Therefore, it was difficult to make the preoperative diagnosis on clinical examination, imaging studies and laboratory tests and we discovered the lesion during the diagnostic laparoscopy. No lymphadenopathy or mucinous ascites were found. The case was completely handled via the laparoscopic approach keeping the appendix intact during the operation. The frozen section, the detailed histopathology overview as well as multiple immunostaining with a complex panel of markers report diagnosed a low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm (LAMN) with no invasion of the wall. No adjuvant therapy was considered needed. At a one-year follow-up oncological assessment, the patient was free of disease. In women with cystic mass in the right iliac fossa an appendiceal mucocele should be considered in the differential diagnosis. Laparoscopic appendectomy can represent an adequate operation for the appendiceal mucinous neoplasm if the histological report is clear and surgical precautionary measures are taken.

Corresponding author: Florin Andrei Grama, MD; e-mail: florin_gramma@yahoo.com

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