Proximal tibial osteosarcoma in young patients: early diagnosis, modular reconstruction

Vol. 56 No. 2 Suppl., 2015
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Razvan Ene, Ruxandra Diana Sinescu, Patricia Ene, Dan Popescu, Monica Mihaela Cirstoiu, Florin Catalin Cirstoiu

Osteosarcoma is the most common bone tumor that occurs in children and young adults with prevalence of teenage. There can be identified many subtypes of osteosarcoma by how they look on X-rays and under the microscope. Osteosarcoma can be classified as high-grade, intermediate grade, or low-grade. This has a significant prognostic value of tumor development suggesting the growth rate and the potential for expansion. Between 2009-2013, in the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, University Emergency Hospital of Bucharest, Romania, were treated seven cases of osteosarcoma of the proximal third of the tibia in young, early-diagnosed cases without metastasis. The treatment involved resection of tumor formation and reconstruction with a modular prosthesis. Postoperative patients were mobilized for a week without charging the operated limb under the protection of orthesis. During this period continued active and passive mobilization of the ankle and foot to prevent stiffness and to reduce postoperative swelling. From the second postoperative week, patients are mobilizing with progressive charging but not being allowed to do any flexion in order to protect de insertion of medial gastrocnemius muscle rotation flap used to cover the prosthesis and to protect the patellar tendon reinsertion. This extensive surgery does not improve survival rate of these patients compared to treatment by amputation of this pathology but greatly increases the comfort of life and in all cases ensure socio-professional reintegration of these patients. To ensure optimal postoperative results perform a complete diagnosis and preoperative oncological treatment before surgery, if applicable.

Corresponding author: Razvan Ene, MD, PhD; e-mail: razvan77ene@yahoo.com

Download PDF

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Emil Moraru, Ionica Daniel Vilcea, Cecil Sorin Mirea, Stelian Stefanita Mogoanta, Mihai Cruce, Ion Vasile, Manuela Vasile, Alina Maria Vilcea

This study aims to determine the gene expression for c-abl and YWHAZ in gastric cancer and the differences between the c-abl and YWHAZ gene expression inside the tumor versus healthy tissue (at the resection edges). This prospective study included 34 patients with gastric neoplasia, 21 men and 13 women, aged between 49 and 79 years (65.5 years median). After the surgical procedure, in these cases, we collected two tissue samples: one sample was obtained from inside the tumoral tissue and another sample from the gastric tissue, which was identified as normal apparently, as far as possible from the tumor (resection edge). For determining the c-abl and YWHAZ gene expression, we used the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Regarding the c-abl gene expression in gastric cancer, c-abl expression was identified as lower inside tumor cells comparing to the normal gastric tissue (resection limit). This difference of gene expression emphasize the role of the c-abl gene in normal tissue growth and the involvement in apoptosis induction when alteration of DNA occurs, as a result to different agents actions as stress, ionizing radiations. The loss of expression or even the down-regulation of the c-abl is a fundamental event that leads to genesis and progression of tumors. No significant differences of the YWHAZ gene expression between the tumoral and normal gastric tissue probes were recorded in our study.

Corresponding author: Ionica Daniel Vilcea, Associate Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: id.vilcea@yahoo.com

Download PDF