Unusual morphological pattern and distribution of the ansa cervicalis: a case report

Vol. 55 No. 3 Suppl., 2014
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.


George K. Paraskevas, Konstantinos Natsis, Zoe Nitsa, Alexandra Mavrodi, Panagiotis Kitsoulis

Ansa cervicalis presents great anatomic variability regarding its origin and formation, the number of its roots and its distribution, as well. In the current case, we report an aberrancy in the form and distribution of ansa cervicalis branches to the infrahyoid muscles and the sternocleidomastoid muscle, which is unique, since, to the best of our knowledge, a similar case has not been recorded in the literature. During regular dissection, we detected that the ansa cervicalis loop, which was formed underneath the superior belly of the omohyoid muscle, provided a branch for the sternothyroid muscle, from which two recurrent rami were arisen. These two rami joined together forming an unusual triangular nerve formation. The neural trunk formed by the union of the aforementioned two rami perforated the inferior belly of the omohyoid muscle and afterwards was directed towards the ipsilateral sternocleidomastoid muscle. The awareness of such an unusual variability to the surgeons of the head and neck region would be of great importance, since it is crucial not to damage the ansa cervicalis or its branches in order to prevent any possible phonation disorders. Additionally, ansa cervicalis is proved to be extremely useful in the re-innervation of the larynx following paralysis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve._x000D_

Corresponding author: George K. Paraskevas, Assistant Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: g_paraskevas@yahoo.gr

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Mircea Suciu, Silviu Horia Morariu, Alina Ormenisan, Radu Ionut Grigoras, Radu Horia Bostan, Simona Mocanu, Mihai Dorin Vartolomei, Ovidiu Simion Cotoi

Squamous cell carcinoma is defined as an invasive epithelial neoplasm, with variable degrees of squamous differentiation, with or without keratinization. It is origins stand at the level of the keratinized stratified squamous epithelium (skin) or non-keratinized (oral mucosa, esophageal mucosa, uterine exocervical mucosa), but it can also be found in squamous metaplasia areas (uterine endocervix or trachea-bronchial tree). This report presents the case of an oral squamous cell carcinoma as a second malignancy in the same anatomical territory, in a patient with prior treatment for chondrosarcoma, both surgical and radiotherapy. The tumor had appeared 5-6 months prior and had undergone a relatively rapid growth, this being the patient s main motive for addressing the doctors. The tumor was greyish, with imprecisely demarcated margins, of firm consistency, bleeding and with local necrotic deposits. The tumor extended from the incisive region to the maxillary tuberosity, towards the cheek mucosa and the soft palate. After a large excision, the histopathological diagnosis was infiltrative keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma, with moderate differentiation, with origins in the oral mucosa, infiltrating the whole of the maxilla and the maxillary sinus mucosa. Approximately three months after the surgery, a new tumor appeared in the oral cavity, on superior and inferior mucosa of the right cheek, extending towards the right buccal commissure, implying a relapse of the primary tumor. Postoperative oncological therapy included standard chemotherapy, which resulted in favorable postoperative evolution. This case is interesting by the association, of two metachronous malignant tumors, of different histological origin: a chondrosarcoma and a squamous cell carcinoma, at an interval of 25 years.

Corresponding author: Silviu Horia Morariu, Associate Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: silviu_morariu@yahoo.com

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