Aneurysmal bone cyst - clinical and morphological aspects

Vol. 55 No. 3 Suppl., 2014
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Radu Radulescu, Adrian Badila, Robert Manolescu, Maria Sajin, Ion Japie

Aim: To assess the results of surgical treatment in aneurysmal bone cysts. Materials and Methods: 31 patients with aneurysmal bone cysts underwent surgical treatment in our department. In almost half of cases, the lesion was located in the femur. In 12 cases, a pathological bone fracture was the first clinical sign. The treatment consisted in curettage, abrasion of the cavity inner walls using a motorized burr and filling with morsellized bone grafts (autografts +/- allografts) or bone substitutes (four cases). Microscopically, the diagnosis relies on cystic spaces filled with blood, divided by fibrous septae consisting in immature bone trabeculae, hemosiderin filled macrophages and fibroblasts. We performed multiple bioptic probes from different levels of the lesion. Results: Macroscopically, the osseous lesion appeared as a multi-loculated blood-filled cavity (cavities separated by septa) in 30 (96.77%) cases and as a solid tumor in one (3.23%) case. At 12 months after surgery, grafts osteointegration was present in 24 cases. At an average follow-up time of six years and four months, refilling with bone grafts was necessary in two cases and no local recurrence was observed. Conclusions: Aneurysmal bone cyst is most frequent in the second decade of age. Its prevalence in female gender is double compared to the male gender. The positive diagnosis relies on the histopathological examination. Because of the strong relationship with a number of precursor lesions (giant cell tumor, fibrous dysplasia, non-ossifying fibroma, chondroblastoma, osteoblastoma) multiple bioptic probings are mandatory, in order to diagnose, if possible, a primary lesion, which may modify the therapeutic attitude. Treatment by curettage, abrasion of the cavity inner walls and filling with morsellized grafts has very good results. The risk of recurrence is very low.

Corresponding author: Adrian Badila, MD; e-mail: adrian_emilian_badila@yahoo.com

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ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Jenel Marian Patrascu, Mihaela Amarandei, Karla Noemy Kun, Ovidiu Boruga, Alina Totorean, Bogdan Andor, Sorin Florescu

Damage to knee articular ligaments causes important functional problems and adversely affects particularly the stability of the knee joint. Several methods were developed in order to repair damage to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), which employ autografts, allografts, as well as synthetic ligaments. One such synthetic scaffold, the ligament advanced reinforcement system (LARS) synthetic ligament is made of non-absorbing polyethylene terephthalate fibers whose structure allow tissue ingrowths in the intra-articular part, improving the stability of the joint. The LARS ligament is nowadays widely used in modern knee surgery in the Europe, Canada, China or Japan. This paper evaluates LARS ligament from two perspectives. The first regards a study done by the Orthopedics Clinic II, Timisoara, Romania, which compared results obtained by employing two techniques of ACL repair - the Bone-Tendon-Bone (BTB) or LARS arthroscopic, intra-articular techniques. This study found that patients treated with the BTB technique presented with an IKDC score of 45.82+/-1.14 units preoperative, with increasing values in the first nine months after each implant post-surgical ligament restoration, reaching an average value of 75.92+/-2.88 units postoperative. Patients treated with the LARS technique presented with an IKDC score of 43.64+/-1.11 units preoperative, and a score of 77.32+/-2.71 units postoperative. The second perspective describes the thermographic and microscopic analysis of an artificial knee ligament tearing or loosening. The objective of the study was to obtain information regarding the design of artificial ligaments in order to expand their lifespan and avoid complications such as recurring synovitis, osteoarthritis and trauma of the knee joint. Thermographic data has shown that tearing begins from the inside out, thus improving the inner design of the ligament would probably enhance its durability. An optical microscope was employed to obtain images of structural damage in the inner layers, for use in further analysis of the tears. In conclusion, the LARS artificial ligament, like the BTB technique, displays both advantages and disadvantages. It is important to understand that these two options of ACL lesion repair are not competing. LARS could, in addition to its use in primary ACL ruptures, be utilized in revisions of autologous graft rupture post primary ACL repair.

Corresponding author: Bogdan Andor, Assistant Professor, MD, PhD; e-mail: andormed@yahoo.com

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