Craniofacial morphological changes of familial bilateral hypodontia of maxillary premolars

Vol. 55 No. 2 Suppl., 2014
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.


Georgeta Zegan, Radu Bogdan Mavru, Elena Braha

The hypodontia of a permanent tooth from a dental group represents a normal evolution in human dentition morphology. Nevertheless, the hypodontia of two teeth within a dental group is a rare developmental anomaly when not associated to a systemic syndrome. The aim of this study was to report two rare cases of four maxillary premolars hypodontia, not including the third molar, of two white women from the same family. There were presented clinical, radiological and genetic findings. These cases are of interest to practitioners for four aspects: the atypical phenotype of hypodontia, the complexity of craniofacial morphological changes, the autosomal dominant familial inheritance with variable expressivity and the difficult classification of diagnosis.

Corresponding author: Georgeta Zegan, Associate Professor, DMD, PhD; e-mail:

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Aniela-Luminita Rugina, Alexandru Grigore Dimitriu, Nicolai Nistor, Doina Mihaila

Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is associated with abnormalities in the structure of a function of motile cilia, causing impairment of muco-ciliary clearence, with bacterial overinfection of the upper and lower respiratory tract (chronic oto-sino-pulmonary disease), heterotaxia (situs abnormalities), with/without congenital heart disease, abnormal sperm motility with male infertility, higher frequency of ectopic pregnancy and female subfertility. The presence of recurrent respiratory tract infections in the pediatric age requires differentiation between primary immunodeficiency, diseases with abnormal mucus (e.g., cystic fibrosis) and abnormal ciliary diseases. This case was hospitalized for recurrent respiratory tract infections and total situs inversus at the age of five years, which has enabled the diagnosis of Kartagener syndrome. The PCD confirmation was performed by electron microscopy examination of nasal mucosa cells through which were confirmed dynein arms abnormalities. The diagnosis and early treatment of childhood PCD allows a positive development and a good prognosis, thus improving the quality of life.

Corresponding author: Aniela Luminita Rugina, MD, PhD; e-mail:

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