Comparative study of placenta acute fetal distress and diabetes associated with pregnancy

Vol. 54 No. 3 Suppl., 2013
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.


V. Gheorman, Lavinia Gheorman, C. Ivanus, R. C. Pana, A. M. Goganau, Anca Patrascu

The authors analyze the main histopathological changes of placentas from pregnancies ended with fetal distress at birth and the tasks associated with diabetes. The parallel between the two types of placentas not trying to prove the existence of pathognomonic lesions. Are set out both the similarities between the two titles of placentas lesions (such as changes in microcirculation and so on) as well as particular aspects. The authors analyze a group of 19 pregnant women hospitalized in Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of Emergency County Hospital of Craiova, Romania, in September 2010-September 2011, who were born and who were diagnosed with diabetes. In the same period, were studied 21 pregnant women whose pregnancy ended with the birth of a child with fetal distress. Such were identified as placental lesions suggestive of fetal distress as diverse etiology of placental vascular changes and the placenta in pregnancy associated diabetes as immaturity and vascular edema and fibrinoid changes and glycogen stores. The authors have proposed to highlight some lesions suggestive of two groups of diseases but independent groups were analyzed and conclusions were drawn after discussing results. This study is justified by insufficient knowledge of the causes that lead to fetal distress regardless of its etiology. In conclusion, the authors mention both placenta's common changes as specifically changes of the placenta for each type of disorder.

Corresponding author: Valeriu Gheorman, Lecturer, MD, PhD; e-mail:

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Elena Pop, Mariana Mardarescu, M. Lazar, M. C. Rusu, Daniela Adriana Ion

Protein kinase signal-transduction pathways play critical roles in regulating nociception. The c-kit receptor contributes to pain regulation in the spinal cord and is present on both peripheral and central terminals. Expression of c-kit was demonstrated in human trigeminal and spinal ganglia. However, the brainstem expression of c-kit was overlooked. We aimed to evaluate it by immunohistochemistry, on eight samples of human lower medulla oblongata. We used two clones of CD117/c-kit antibodies, from different manufacturers, and neurofilament antibodies. Positive expression of CD117/c-kit was found within the spinal trigeminal nucleus, the gracilis, cuneate, and lateral cuneate nuclei, and within the olivary complex. CD117/c-kit positive interstitial networks of these nuclei were positively labeled with neurofilaments. CD117/c-kit labeled the olivary neurons, but not the magnocellular neurons of the trigeminal, gracilis and cuneate nuclei. c-kit interstitial systems of brainstem could play so an important role for the functional status along the somatosensory neural circuits.

Corresponding author: Mugurel Constantin Rusu, Associate Professor, MD, PhD, Dr. Hab.; e-mail:

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