High-grade poorly differentiated retroperitoneal sarcoma. Report of a case and review of the literature

Vol. 53 No. 3 Suppl., 2012
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Manuela Bossi, L. A. Paolino, A. Valenti, Lea Marciano, C. Polliand, Marianne Ziol, C. Barrat

Retroperitoneal sarcomas (RPS) are uncommon tumors associated with a poor prognosis. This is particularly true in case of high-grade sarcomas of specific histological subtypes, as demonstrated by the largest surveys of the last decade. Up to the present day, unfortunately there are no powerful tools available except for surgery. On the other hand, the resection rate of RPS is significantly increased over the last decades allowing to deliver the best treatment available. This paper reports on the case of a young patient who was incidentally diagnosed with a retroperitoneal mass. The patient underwent surgery in our department and the histological report showed a spindle cell sarcoma of high grade of malignancy with an incomplete muscular phenotype. The patient was discharged on the seventh postoperative day and he is still free of local and distant recurrence.

Corresponding author: Manuela Bossi, MD; e-mail: bossimanuela@yahoo.it

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ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Mariana Jinga, C. Jurcut, Florina Vasilescu, G. Becheanu, Simona Hildegard Stancu, L. Ciobaca, G. Mircescu, V. Jinga

Abdominal pain represents one of the most common clinical conditions. However, there are some challenging cases in which an extensive work-up is mandatory for the diagnosis. We present the case report of a 65-year-old man admitted to our department for diffuse abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, painful joints and rectal tenesmus. He initially had an urticarial rash, followed by palpable purpura involving the lower extremities. The diarrheic stools evolved towards melena. Endoscopic examination of the upper gastrointestinal tract showed hiatal hernia, superficial erosions in the stomach and multiple areas of deep and superficial ulcerations disseminated from the second to the third portion of the duodenum. Terminal ileum intubation at colonoscopy showed redness, edema, swelling, petechiae and ecchymosis, irregular erosions and ulcers. Endoscopic biopsy specimens showed non-specific inflammation. Computed tomography showed moderate ascites, small pleural effusion, mesenteric lymphadenopathy and small bowel wall thickening at the level of the second duodenum, proximal jejunum and segments of ileum. The urine analysis revealed microscopic hematuria with nephrotic range proteinuria, red cells and cellular casts. Therapy with corticosteroids and pulses of cyclophosphamide was started with significant clinical improvement. Three weeks after the first admission, the patient developed an acute peritonitis due to an intestinal perforation and acute mesenteric ischemia of the small bowel. We concluded that the patient had a Henoch-Schonlein type vasculitis with acute mesenteric ischemia and perforation of the small bowel.

Corresponding author: Mariana Jinga, Senior Lecturer, MD, PhD; e-mail: mariana_jinga@yahoo.com

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