B-cell transcription factors Pax-5, Oct-2, BOB.1, Bcl-6, and MUM1 are useful markers for the diagnosis of nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma

Vol. 52 No. 1 Suppl., 2011
This supplement was not sponsored by Outside Organizations.

ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

Rosemarie Herbeck, D. Teodorescu Brinzeu, Marioara Giubelan, Elena Lazar, Alis Dema, Hortensia Ionita

In some instances, the overlap in morphologic features and antigen expression between nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) and classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) can cause confusion in the diagnosis. In these cases, the transcription factors (TFs) B-cell specific activator protein (BSAP)/Pax-5, octamer binding protein-2 (Oct-2), B-lymphocyte-specific co-activator BOB.1/OBF.1, Bcl-6 protein and multiple myeloma-1/interferon regulatory factor-4 (MUM1/IRF-4) may aid in clarifying the diagnosis. Twenty-two cases of NLPHL were studied for the immunohistochemical expression of Pax-5, Oct-2, BOB.1, Bcl-6 protein and MUM1/IRF-4. Our results sustain the usefulness of the selected set of TFs to diagnose and distinguish NLPHL from cHL since Pax-5, Oct-2, BOB.1 and Bcl-6 are consistently expressed by lymphocyte predominant (LP) cells and reported by others to be often unexpressed in Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells. By contrast, MUM1/IRF-4 protein scored negative in the majority of LP cells, but is reported to be expressed in almost all cases of cHL. Thus, although the expression of transcription factors is very heterogeneous, their simultaneous implementation for positive and differential diagnosis may be useful.

Corresponding author: Rosemarie Herbeck, MD, PhD candidate, e-mail: roseherbeck@yahoo.com

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ROMANIAN JOURNAL of MORPHOLOGY and EMBRYOLOGY

M. Olaru, I. E. Plesea, Iulia Capitanescu, Daniela Dragnei, B. Stanoiu, Fl. Bogdan

Pleural effusions are still representing a challenge in daily practice. Materials and Methods. This retrospective study on 221 patients with pleurisies hospitalized in our unit is focused on the contribution of different types of pleural fluid morphological evaluation in setting a correct etiological diagnosis. The algorithm of investigation included: gross aspects assessment on X-ray records and by direct observation of pleural liquid obtained by thoracentesis and microscopic assessment on cytology slides of pleural fluid and on histopathological samples obtained by pleural needle biopsies. Results. Mycobacterial etiology was the most frequent, with 72% of all cases, followed by tumoral etiology. Cytologic examination of pleural fluid was useful in establishing the final diagnosis in 66.1% of cases, histopathological assessment being imposed for the rest of cases. Discussion. Imagistic investigation offered appropriate information concerning the site and extention of pleural effusions and guided, in certain cases, the needle biopsy. Gross aspect of pleural fluid oriented quite well the suspicion diagnosis. The use of a set of cytological "formulas" was useful in filtering subsequently the suspicion diagnosis. Histopatholgical examination of pleural tissue samples established the final diagnosis in cases where etiology was still uncertain after laboratory and cytological examination and subtyped further the pathologic processes within each main category of etiology. Conclusions. A correct diagnosis of pleural effusions could be achieved only by going through a precise algorithm of investigation where, besides thorough clinical examination and laboratory tests especially of pleural liquid, morphological assessment and in particular cytologic examination of pleural liquid and histopatological examination of pleural tissue samples are essential.

Corresponding author: Iancu Emil Plesea, Professor, MD, PhD, e-mail: pie1956@yahoo.com

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