Aspects of placental morphogenesis and angiogenesis

Vol. 50 No. 4, 2009


Carmen Mihaela Mihu, S. Susman, D. Rus Ciuca, D. Mihu, N. Costin

Placental morphology and vascularization are important stages in the evolution of pregnancies. Placental morphogenesis and angiogenesis processes are studied by two-dimensional, three-dimensional and Doppler ultrasound. Ultrasound methods provide important data on the physiology and pathophysiology of fetal-placental exchange. The macroscopic and microscopic study of the placenta brings valuable information on the possible structural changes and implicitly allows assessing fetal-placental circulation. The ultrasound and microscopic evaluation of the placenta are complementary means of examination for the assessment of fetal-maternal exchange. These methods of investigation can be applied in the context of a strict knowledge of placental morphogenesis and angiogenesis.

Corresponding author: Carmen Mihaela Mihu, MD, PhD, e-mail:

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